Read This First: Disclaimer. I've written what I
personally did, and my opinions. Don't assume what I did was safe, and
don't assume it will work for you. Do more research, and make your own
choices. I am not responsible for your outcomes! :-)
If you do much dry camping it's likely that you'll
want a generator.
The majority of motor homes, and some other RV's
like high-end 5th wheels, already have a built in generator. This is a
large generator, capable of operating every electrical system in the RV at the
same time including roof air conditioner units. Running this generator is
convenient, because the associated systems are all automatic. You push a
button, the generator starts, and things work. However, there are a few
drawbacks to using this generator in dry camping situations.
If you don't already have a generator
If you don't have a generator the portable type is the way to go. Doing a
built in after-the-fact is very expensive, especially if you have no prepared
generator bay. And if you have a 5th wheel or TT what fuel will you power
your genny with? Where will you put the tank? For you,
a small, efficient, quiet, portable generator is far and away the better choice.
Although if you want to run the air conditioner you'll need a larger portable,
2200 Watts or more.
So which generator do you buy? Be
careful! You'll see many generators advertised by auto parts stores and
online that are dirt cheep, like 3000W generators for $250. These are
mostly junk. They are loud, bulky, heavy, and use a lot of fuel.
Also if you run them a lot they'll wear out quickly. Likewise you'll see
"construction generators" for sale at home improvement stores. Although
these are a little better quality they're still big, heavy, and loud.
What you want is a compact, quiet, high-efficiency
generator that will last you a long time. The two leading manufacturers of
these are Honda and
Other contenders (although with unproven
quality and unknown longevity) are the Kipor
and the Robin generator from Subaru. Based on talk in online forums the Kipor
and Robin rank below the Honda and Yamaha but they also cost less.
Lots of retail and online stores sell portable generators, but it's hard to
get a low price online for the Honda, you'll need to call. Discount prices
are available online for other brands, and prices vary so shop around.
Note that Honda has a high resale value with 2nd hand generators often going for
80% of new price.
Reasons against using your RV's built-in generator
Cost of operation. The large generator in
a motor home is inefficient
at low output levels. If you're just running the generator to charge the batteries a typical
5000 to 7500 watt generator will use a minimum of a half to 3/4 gallon of gas an hour. By comparison a small
generator will be much more efficient. At $4.00 a gallon, large generators
will cost about $2.00 to $3.00 an hour and smaller generators between $.64 and
$1.84 an hour.
Noise. Large generators, even "quiet"
ones, make some noise although the newer quiet diesels are pretty quiet. In contrast, there are small generators
specifically designed to be super quiet -- under 59db at full load. How
quiet is that? Here are some comparisons
Freeway at 50 ft -- 76 dB
Vacuum cleaner -- 70 dB
Air Conditioner Unit at 100ft -- 60 dB
Normal Conversation -- 60db
Honda EU2000i Generator at full load -- 59 dB
Honda EU2000i Generator at 1/4 load -- 53 dB
Other models by Yamaha, Honda (and maybe other
manufacturers) can also achieve this level of quiet and fuel efficiency.
Reasons for using your built-in generator
Do we have a portable generator? No.
We use our old, somewhat noisy, built-in Onan 5000W generator. Why? Because
for us the positives outweigh the negatives.
Cost of ownership Notice the difference
here, one negative given above was "cost of operation". But consider that a
high quality, fuel efficient, quiet portable generator is not cheap
to buy! A 1000W Honda costs about $700, but that's too small for us.
We need at least a 2000W generator, and that's about $1000.
That same $1000 will buy a lot of gas and run
our built-in generator for a long time. If we subtract the times that we ran
the generator for air conditioning, we only used ours about 90 hours in 2005
(battery charging, microwave use, etc.). So, for the price of a Honda
EU2000i we can run our generator a lot!
Convenience You just push a
button, the generator starts, and everything works. No going outside
in the rain, no carrying gas cans and refilling the generator, etc.
But what about the Noise? Well, we just
put up with it. Because we have 360W of solar panels we only need to run
our generator on cloudy days, or to operate the microwave, vacuum cleaner, etc,.
We typically run it about an hour first thing in the morning about two or three
times a week, and 15 minutes or so around lunch or dinner, but not every day.
If our dry camping increases in the future (about
50% now) maybe I'll buy a nice little Honda generator, maybe an EU2000i, or the Yamaha
EF2400iSC. We'll have to wait and see. As I get older, my need to
"keep up with the Joneses" is not so great.
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